IoT A DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
Nowaday we often hear the sentence “all the world is connected” or “ there are no more real boundaries between countries” but how is it possible and how does it mean?
The answer is in one of the new 21st century technologies, it is called Internet of Things, IoT, and represents the network of physical objects,“things”,that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. With more than 7 billion connected IoT devices today, experts are expecting this number to grow to 10 billion by 2020 and 22 billion by 2025.
ACTUAL USAGES AND BENEFITS
Often we link the term smart to the objects that are connected, just look at the images below about the IoT Market in Italy in 2020.
And here are some potential benefits of using these technologies.
In addition to that, the ability of IoT to provide sensor information as well as enable device-to-device communication is driving a broad set of applications like: Create new efficiencies in manufacturing through machine monitoring and product-quality monitoring,improve the tracking and “ring-fencing” of physical assets,use wearables to monitor human health analytics and environmental conditions,drive efficiencies and new possibilities in existing processes and enable business process changes.
THE NEWEST PERSPECTIVE:SPACE ECONOMY
Today, we feel that our planetary boundaries are too narrow because there is the knowledge of the presence of an universe outside the Earth. Indeed it has become viral the term Space Economy coniated by Elon Musk who shows us the potentiality of using this new technologies combined with the discovery of space.
With the introduction of this New Economy, the space sector which, for a long time enjoyed prevailing institutional support, is witnessing an ambitious intervention by private investors. It is a real cultural revolution that redefines the public / private relationship and every company should stay updated with this disruptive trend.
The Space Economy is now recognized by the OECD ("The Space Economy at a Glance") as one of the most effective engines of economic growth, well beyond the boundaries of the space sector in the strict sense.
More and more in recent years we are witnessing a cross-fertilization of the terrestrial technological areas with the space ones, it is made possible by the speed of evolution of technologies that brings the concepts of transfer from Space to Earth (Spin-Out) and vice versa from Earth towards Space (Spin-In) to transform itself into a real Synergic Development in which highly innovative elements characterize both Space-Related products and Space-Enabled. It is a change that will require a new organization at the level of the institutions, with programs that take into account the transformation underway and also a new governance. For this reason, the institution's protagonists of this transformation met in the New Space Economy ExpoForum, organized by Fiera di Roma and Fondazione Amaldi and sponsored by the Italian Space Agency (ASI).
2020 ROCKET SHARING
The 3rd September of 2020 represented a significant date for the European Space Economy, with the 16th launch of VEGA, the European carrier designed, developed and built by the Italian company Avio. It was the first time that a European carrier has put payloads into orbit from different customers with the same launch, with the aim of bringing businesses and individuals closer to the use of space technologies already in the near future. Specifically, the launch brought 53 small satellites into orbit for 21 public and private customers from 13 different countries. A record that, however, represents only the beginning of a new way of conceiving access to space.
APPLICATIONS The satellites put into orbit have applications of various kinds, from experimental communication systems to earth observation systems. In particular a specific one will allow the identification and dynamic monitoring of mobile sources of greenhouse gases. This will be the enabler of marine pollution monitoring activities in terms of oil leaks and the presence of plastic waste, as well as fires and volcanic eruptions that can strongly impact the aviation sector. Not only extra-urban areas will benefit from this indeed satellite applications also have significant impacts for Smart Cities, with the monitoring of urban areas and green areas surrounding the urban area that are often damaged by weather conditions. These applications are likely to have significant impacts for communities, businesses and local governments.
Another microsatellite instead aims to further improve asset tracking capabilities in the maritime sector, which is often the primary route for moving goods between different areas of the planet. This type of application can have an impact on the world of logistics and transport but also on the insurance related to these areas.
Then a series of smaller satellites (nano and pico satellites) see their main application in bringing global connectivity at affordable prices, bringing broadband to unserved and disadvantaged areas around the world.
This one is undoubtedly a key example of how the Space Economy can contribute significantly to economic but also social development in the world, increasing the pervasiveness of the use of digital tools in different areas of the planet.
The space economy "confirms its growth and is a platform increasingly used by individuals and increasingly focused on services for citizens", said Maria Cristina Falvella, president of the 'Edoardo Amaldi' Foundation. "Space is now one of the pillars on which the evolution of our company is based for the creation of modern professional profiles and innovative and sustainable solutions for the various industrial sectors which, thanks to the space sector, can consolidate their positioning and increase market access opportunities ".
Despite the difficulties that characterized 2020,Venture capital investments in the space sector have in fact grown exponentially in the last period, exceeding $ 4 billion in 2019 alone. Italy is one of the few countries in the world that owns the entire supply chain that leads to space with its own capacity to develop satellites , bring them into orbit and manage all related services, distinguishing themselves for quality, precision and innovation. The final goal for the future is to create a global solar system connection using the unknown potential resources that are hidden in the space outside our Earth.
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